Asthma is a common respiratory condition which is commonly misdiagnosed and treated. It is an allergic condition where children get symptoms such as cough in the night which can be recurrent, wheezing, tightness in chest. There can be other members in the family with a similar condition. It can be caused by an allergy to some substance such as pollen, dust, smoke, paint, tobacco smoke, changes in weather and rarely certain foods. During an attack of asthma the bronchial tubes which carry air into our lungs become swollen, inflamed and go into spasm. . Asthma is a common cause of missed school.
Asthma symptoms can usually be brought under control so that you can live a normal life with very little interference from your asthma. The three basic ways to treat asthma include avoiding what causes it, using medicine to prevent asthma flare-ups (preventers) and using other medications to give quick relief when asthma symptoms occurs (relievers).At milestones each patient is indivualized and treatment plan is given. For bigger children we use a peak flow meter to calculate peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and this can be used to predict an attack of asthma.
The goal of treatment for patients with asthma is to bring the asthma under control so that they can participate in the normal activities of daily living without having their lifestyle hampered by asthma symptoms